Pubblico di seguito l’abstract di un seminario tenuto recentemente a Berlino. Allego la bibliografia utilizzata per preparare le slides da dove sono stati tratti i brani utilizzati per spiegare le linee generali del metodo della caratterizzazione sulla quale sto lavorando, per tentare un migliore adattamento al contesto italiano.
Spero risulti utile.
A GIS tool for interdisciplinary landscape studies
(thinking about a future ‘landscape characterisation’ in Italy…)
Berlin, 8 January 2018
Despite the fact that several projects on Ancient Roman towns and related territories have been carried out during the last decades by applying even the most advanced techniques of field survey, and remote sensing methods, the understanding of some important points of central Italy’s social dynamics from the Roman Period to the Middle Ages has not improved much; this is probably due to the lack of a proper interdisciplinary and contextual approach, which may connect specialists in different fields (archaeologists; historians; etc) to the reality of the landscape.
This paper aims to show the range of possibilities provided by a GIS method elaborated in the UK and recently applied to Italian contexts, at the moment conventionally called ‘Historic Landscape Characterisation’. It develops from a wider collaborative research project, which involves selected historical areas in Southern Lazio, Central Italy, previously included into a project carried out between 2012 and 2014; their study has been further advanced from 2015 to 2017, in order to answer yet unaddressed questions about the relationship between linguistic or historical sources and territories.
During previous research focused on the analysis of the impact of medieval conquests in the UK and Italy through the study of landscapes, results had revealed significant potential for approaching the study of complex social landscapes by combining material and linguistic data relying on an advanced technological tool: in order to manage data coming from environments and textual sources, a relatively new GIS-based method was adapted to the Italian context for the first time; this method emphasises the importance of studying the landscape as a whole by identifying different historic land-uses (e.g. different types of fields, woodland, moors/heaths/grazing land, etc) and by analysing their origins, development and cultural/social characters, trying to understand the evolution of people’s identity and land exploitation. Initially developed by British institutions, this new GIS method has been tailored for selected Italian cases studies in order to correctly reconstruct even different landscapes by collecting data on transformation and/or continuity in the landscape, in Italy and the UK.
Of course, Central Italy is a vital area of study, expecially if considered since the mid-Republican period, when its natural environment was affected in numerous ways by increased social and economic needs. However, other complex transformations within the same areas occurred after the Roman Empire, over the Middle Ages, and finally in the last decades, certainly from the second half of the twentieth century till today. This means that the whole of their consequences in the contemporary landscape must be equally studied and better understood, even before (or at least alongside) attempting to carry out single-subject research on specific topographically focused issues related to past landscapes (towns; roads; centuriation; and so on); it is finally suggested that, in order to obtain an effective knowledge of past historical phases and transformations in Italian archaeological landscapes, the real challenge be identified with a radical change in mentality.
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Crow J., Turner S. 2010, Unlocking historic landscapes in the eastern Mediterranean: two pilot studies using historic landscape characterisation, in Antiquity 84 (323), pp. 216-229
Crow J., Turner S. 2016, Landscape and settlement on Byzantine Naxos, in B. Krsmanović, L. Milanović (eds), Proceedings of the 23rd International Congress of Byzantine Studies, 22nd – 27th August 2016, Belgrade, Serbia, Serbian National Committee of AIEB, Belgrade, pp. 318-323
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Pietrobono, S; Turner, S. 2016, Comparing landscapes : the castle of Ambrifi (Lenola, Latina) and the N-LINK project, in «Lazio e Sabina 11», Atti del convegno, a cura di Russo Tagliente A., Ghini G., Mari Z., Undicesimo incontro di studi sul Lazio e la Sabina, Roma 4-6 giugno 2014, Rome, pp. 285-288.
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European Landscape Convention 2000
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